TOEFL対策スピーキング勉強法⑥ やっててよかった音楽

にゃんこ先生
ピアノでもバイオリンでもフルートでも歌でも、音楽ってみんなやったことあるよね?
にゃんこ先生
結構音楽ネタはスピーキングに使いまわせるよ。
にゃんこ先生
子供は楽器をやるべき?みたいな質問はTOEFLでもIELTSでも出てくるし。
ねこ君
じゃーおれは、ピアノネタにしようかな? 今日はおれに任せて!!

スピーキンの恐怖を減らす現実的戦略第6回目。

 

全体的な戦略やinegrated taskの勉強方法は以下の記事を参考にしよう。

TOEFL対策スピーキング勉強法 テンプレートを捨てる勇気

2017.06.02

STAR 戦略

Independent Taskに回答するためにおすすめする回答方法は、面接等でも推奨されているSTAR戦略を取ることである。

STAR戦略の利点として、具体的な自分の経験を議論の中心に置くことができ、抽象的な議論をするよりもアイディアを出すのが楽になる。

  1. Situation        状況説明
  2. Task              解決しなければいけない課題
  3. Action           課題を克服するためしたアクション
  4. Result           結果
にゃんこ先生
SituationとTaskの分類はそこまで神経質になる必要はないよ。
にゃんこ先生
S+Tで1セット。Actionが大事。

 

演習問題①

早速だが、以下の問題に15秒で準備し、45秒で答えてほしい。

Some people believe it’s essential for a person’s education to learn to play a musical instrument.

Others don’t believe music education is important. Which view do you agree with? Explain why.

基本エピソード⑥

1. 質問へ解答

I think it is important to for people to learn a musical instrument.

2. Situation

When I was a child, I started learning piano.

3. Task (ここまで10秒)

When I was a child, I started learning piano.

4. Action (30秒)

I joined a piano school near my house and learned how to move my fingers effectively.

Also, I practiced same songs, same phrases again and again like more than 100 times.

I played piano for 2 hours on weekdays and 4 hours on weekends.

I listened to classical music like Chopin, Liszt, and Beethoven every day.

5. Result (5秒-10秒)

As a result, I became a good pianist. Playing the pinao was a lot of fun.

ねこ君
おれはピアノだけど、みんなはどんな楽器でもいいからね!あるいは歌とかさ!

 

演習問題②〜⑤

にゃんこ先生
演習問題を通じて、音楽のエピソードを様々な問題に使ってみよう。

演習問題②

Describe a special job that you have had or would like to do.

解答例

演習問題③

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Artists and musicians are important to a society

解答例

演習問題④

People make friends in many different ways.

What do you think is a good way to make new friends?

解答例

演習問題⑤

What activities should university students do to relax?

解答例

 

解答例 ②〜⑤

演習問題②

Describe a special job that you have had or would like to do.

質問に回答

I want to be a piano teacher.

Situation

When I was a child, I started learning piano.

Task

At first, I was not a good pianist.

Action

I joined a piano school near my house and the teacher Ken taught me how to move my fingers effectively. He was always strict.

I practiced same songs, same phrases again and again like more than 100 times.

I played piano for 2 hours on weekdays and 4 hours on weekends.

Also, I listened to classical music like Chopin, Liszt, and Beethoven every day following his advice.

Result

As a result, I became a good pianist. I want to help children to improve their piano skills like him.

ねこ君
別にピアノの先生になるつもりはないけど、そんなん関係ねい!

演習問題③

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Artists and musicians are important to a society.

質問に回答

I agree with this idea.

Situation

When I was a child, I started learning piano.

Task

At first, I was not a good pianist.

Action

I joined a piano school near my house and learned how to move my fingers effectively.

I practiced same songs, same phrases again and again like more than 100 times.

I played piano for 2 hours on weekdays and 4 hours on weekends.

Also, I listened to classical music like Chopin, Liszt, and Beethoven every day.

Result

As a result, I improved my piano skill and it was a lot of fun thanks to classical musicians.

ねこ君
やっててよかったピアノ!!

演習問題④

People make friends in many different ways.

What do you think is a good way to make new friends?

質問に回答

I recommend my friends to join a piano club.

Situation

When I entered a university in Tokyo,

Task

I did not have a lot of friends at first.

Action

So, I joined a university piano club.

I have been playing the piano more than 20 years and all the members in the club loved playing the piano.

We talked about our favorite classical composers like Chopin, Liszt, and Beethoven.

Also, we had a small piano concert once in a month and enjoyed playing the piano and listened to the music each other.

Result

As a result, I was a lot of fun, and we became good friends.

ねこ君
友達作りにも音楽!クラブとか、スクールとかそういうネタに応用する!

演習問題⑤

What activities should university students do to relax?

質問に回答

University students should play the piano to relax.

Situation

When I was a university student,

Task

I was busy studying and had a stressful life.

Action

So I joined a university piano club.

I have been playing the piano more than 20 years and all the members of the club loved playing the piano.

We talked about our favorite classical composers like Chopin, Liszt, and Beethoven.

Also, we had a small piano concert once in a month and enjoyed playing the piano and listened to the music each other.

Result

As a result, It was a lot of fun, and I relaxed well.

ねこ君
アクションは全く変えてない。Introと結論を変えただけ!!簡単だぜ!

【コラム】イントネーションの重要性

にゃんこ先生
ねこ君、イントネーションって知ってる?
ねこ君
疑問文では最後にちょっとトーンを上げるみたいなやつ?
ねこ君
Do you have a pen⤴️?

にゃんこ先生
イントネーションは意味の区切りと関係している。

にゃんこ先生
意味の区切りの場所には、ルールがあって、ネイティブは無意識のうちのそのルールーにそって、区切りで一呼吸しているの。

にゃんこ先生
人によって若干の差はあるけど、基本は一緒。

にゃんこ先生
ニュースのアナウンサーとかは、見事なまでにその区切りで一呼吸してる。
ねこ君
そ、それで・・?

にゃんこ先生
TOEFLでも、もちろんそのイントネーションを意識して話すことは重要。

にゃんこ先生
イントネーションは、習ってすぐに身につくものではないから、早めにルールを知って、文章を読むとき、リスニングするとき、ドラマを見るとき、話すとき、意識することを心がけよう。

 

 

追加演習問題

 

にゃんこ先生
質問、要望、ツッコミ、おすすめ勉強法、なんでも遠慮せずにコメントしてね。閲覧者同士でのコミュニケーションも大歓迎だよ。
にゃんこ先生
読んでくれてありがと。Facebookから、最新情報を受け取る事が可能だよ。イイねくれると嬉しいな。

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