TOEFL対策スピーキング勉強法⑧ ニューイヤーの思い出

にゃんこ先生
今日は、楽しかったイベント、休日、子供の頃の思い出、日本の特別な日まで使える優秀なエピソードを用意する。
にゃんこ先生
休日といえば、新年の日だ!!!
ねこ君
な、なんだってー!?

スピーキンの恐怖を減らす現実的戦略第8回目。

 

全体的な戦略やinegrated taskの勉強方法は以下の記事を参考にしよう。

TOEFL対策スピーキング勉強法 テンプレートを捨てる勇気

2017.06.02

STAR 戦略

Independent Taskに回答するためにおすすめする回答方法は、面接等でも推奨されているSTAR戦略を取ることである。

STAR戦略の利点として、具体的な自分の経験を議論の中心に置くことができ、抽象的な議論をするよりもアイディアを出すのが楽になる。

  1. Situation        状況説明
  2. Task              解決しなければいけない課題
  3. Action           課題を克服するためしたアクション
  4. Result           結果
にゃんこ先生
SituationとTaskの分類はそこまで神経質になる必要はないよ。
にゃんこ先生
S+Tで1セット。Actionが大事。

 

演習問題①

早速だが、以下の問題に15秒で準備し、45秒で答えてほしい。

Describe a memorable celebration. Why was it memorable for you?

基本エピソード⑧

1. 質問へ解答

It was a New Years Day.

2. Situation

I am a university student in Tokyo

3. Task (ここまで10秒)

Last New Years Day, I went back to my hometown to celebrate the new year.

4. Action (30秒)

A lot of my relatives gathered at my parent’s house.

We enjoyed eating Japanese food such as sushi, tempura, and soba. Also enjoyed drinking Japanese Sake and beer.

My wife wore Kimono, a traditional Japanese cloth, which had cherry blossom patterns. It was so cute!

Also, we played games like Uno together.

We enjoyed talking about a lot of things such as our current situation and future dreams.

5. Result (5秒-10秒)

As a result, it was a lot of fun.

にゃんこ先生
新年の日は似たような経験している日本人が多いよね。高校生でも大人でもさ。

 

演習問題②〜⑤

にゃんこ先生
演習問題を通じて、ニューイヤーのエピソードを様々な問題に使ってみよう。

演習問題②

Describe a recent party or day celebrated with other people. What was the other person’s reaction?

解答例

演習問題③

What is an important day for you? Why is it important? What happened?

解答例

演習問題④

What is your happiest childhood memory?
解答例

演習問題⑤

Which country or culture do you want to learn about in the future?
解答例

 

解答例 ②〜⑤

演習問題②

Describe a recent party or day celebrated with other people. What was the other person’s reaction?

質問に回答

It was a New Years Day.

Situation

I am a businessman in Tokyo

Task

Last New Years Day, I went back to my hometown to celebrate the new year.

Action

A lot of my relatives gathered at my parent’s house.

We enjoyed eating Japanese food such as sushi, tempura, and soba. Also enjoyed drinking Japanese Sake and beer.

My wife wore Kimono, a traditional Japanese cloth, which had cherry blossom patterns. It was so cute!

Also we played games like Uno together.

We enjoyed talking about a lot of things such as our current situation and future dreams.

Result

As a result, it was a lot of fun.

にゃんこ先生
①のすごくいい思い出でも、②の最近の楽しい日でも、なんでもキューイヤーにする。

にゃんこ先生
文章はほとんど変えてない。ラッキー!

 

演習問題③

What is an important day for you? Why is it important? What happened?

質問に回答

It is New Years Day.

Situation

I am a businessman in Tokyo

Task

Last New Years Day, I went back to my hometown to celebrate the new year.

Action

A lot of my relatives gathered at my parent’s house.

We enjoyed eating Japanese food such as sushi, tempura, and soba. Also enjoyed drinking Japanese Sake and beer.

My wife wore Kimono, a traditional Japanese cloth, which had cherry blossom patterns. It was so cute!

Also we played games like Uno.

We enjoyed talking about a lot of things such as our current situation and future dreams.

Result

As a result, it was a lot of fun.

にゃんこ先生
今回もほっとんど変えてない。

にゃんこ先生
TOEFLスピーキング対策が楽になってこない?

 

演習問題④

What is your happiest childhood memory?

質問に回答

It was a New Years Day.

Situation

I am a high school student in Tokyo

Task

When I was a child, I loved New Years Day.

Action

A lot of my relatives gathered at my parent’s house on New Years Day.

We enjoyed eating Japanese food such as sushi, tempura, and soba.

My sister wore Kimono, a traditional Japanese cloth, which had cherry blossom patterns. It was so cool!

Also we played games like Uno together.

We enjoyed talking about a lot of things such as our current situation and future dreams.

Result

As a result, It was a lot of fun.

にゃんこ先生
小さい頃の思い出もニューイヤーでOK。

にゃんこ先生
正直、こういう簡単な問題は最近ほとんど出ないけど、1個エピソード持ってると安心する。

 

演習問題⑤

Which country or culture do you want to learn about in the future?

質問に回答

I would like to know more about Japanese culture in the future.

Situation

I am a Chinese businessman in Shanghai.

Task

Last New Years Day, I went to Japan and visited my Japanese friend’s house.

Action

A lot of his relatives gathered at his house at that day.

We enjoyed eating Japanese food such as sushi, tempura, and soba. Also, enjoyed drinking beer and Japanese sake.

I wore Kimono, a traditional Japanese cloth, which had a dragon pattern. It was so cool!

Also, we played games like Uno together.

We enjoyed talking about a lot of things such as our current situation and future dreams.

Result

As a result, it was a lot of fun. So I want to learn more about Japan.

にゃんこ先生
チャイニーズビジネスマンになれば、日本文化を紹介できる。

にゃんこ先生
採点官は受験者の国籍なんてわからないからね。

 

【コラム】スピーキングの点数が上がらない

ねこ君
スピーキングの点数、何度受けても上がらないよ・・。

にゃんこ先生
何点目指してるの?
ねこ君
23とか25とか取りたいよ。

にゃんこ先生
日本人のスピーキングは良くて23点。20点ぐらいが無難なところ。

にゃんこ先生
15点を目指したければ、とにかく黙らないで関連していることを喋ることを意識。

にゃんこ先生
18点を目指したければ、6問中4つは「イケる」って思えないとダメ。

にゃんこ先生
20点を目指したければ、6問中6つは「やりきった」っていう感覚。

にゃんこ先生
23点は、6問全部「やりきった」だけでなく、independent taskで用意したエピーソードが完璧に使えた時に出る。運の要素が大きい。

にゃんこ先生
だから、スカイプ英会話も含めて喋る機会を増やして、1日1セットぐらいはTPOを回すぐらいの努力をしないと20点には到達できない。
ねこ君
GANBAROU!!

 

追加演習問題

 

にゃんこ先生
質問、要望、ツッコミ、おすすめ勉強法、なんでも遠慮せずにコメントしてね。閲覧者同士でのコミュニケーションも大歓迎だよ。
にゃんこ先生
読んでくれてありがと。Facebookから、最新情報を受け取る事が可能だよ。イイねくれると嬉しいな。

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