TOEFLスピーキング 出題傾向と厳選過去問2013-2016

ねこ君
TOEFLスピーキング、TPOは簡単すぎない?本試験では全く違う問題が出されるんだけど・・

ねこ君
もっと直近の過去問欲しいよ!良い教材教えてよ!!

にゃんこ先生
TOEFLのスピーキングは毎回新しい問題に見せかけて、過去の問題からも時々出題されるんだよね。

にゃんこ先生
難易度も高くなってきたから、なるべく良質の過去問をこなして自分流の答え方を確立する必要がある。

にゃんこ先生
ちなみに、ここでカバーしているのは、パート1、2のindependent taskだけだよ。

 

TOEFLスピーキングの問題傾向の分析

出題傾向

下記、2017年すべてのTOEFL試験問題を分析した団体からの情報を整理したものとなる。

今年11月15日まで行った40回の試験中、Independent Speaking の問題は合計80問があり、そのうち、21問は昔出題された問題であった。そのうち、2016年の過去問と重複したものが特に多かった。

 

過去にで出たことのない新しい質問は大幅に増え、74%を占めている。新しい質問は明らかに難しくなった。したがって、TOEFLスピーキングの対策は、2016年の過去問に焦点を当てるべき。

注意すべきことは、2017年は、Task1 の40問中、三択一の質問が26問もあり、65%を占めていた。これは、今までどの年でもなかった状況。受験生の皆さんは、是非この三択一の問題に慣れていく必要がある。

 

テーマ/トピック

2017年スピーキングの最もホットなテーマは、教育(Education)、活動(Activity)、そして社会関連のカテゴリーである。

特に社会的な話題の数が例年より増えてきた。例えば、高齢者のこと、著名人/セレブ、整形など。これは、受験者に、社会の動きについて普段から関心と独自の洞察力を持つこと、より高い思考能力を求めていることだ。

さて、2013~2016の過去問の中、重点的に復習すべきものは下記の通りである。

 

重要過去問

2016年

1. 2016年1月23日

Do you like to make a plan with friends about social activities in advance or plan it when you attend it?

 

2. 2016年12月11日

Which of the following three activities do you prefer to do with a group of people rather than alone?

1. Eat a meal

2. Listen to music

3. Do homework

 

3. 2016年10月16日

There are many disagreements between friends. Which is one of the effective ways of resolving the disagreements? Use your examples and details to explain.

 

4. 2016年10月22日

Describe a time that disappointed you. What happened and what’s your response.

 

5. 2016年1月9日

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: current celebrities (like musicians, actor/actress, athlete) set a good example as role model for the young people.

 

6. 2016年1月24日

Do you agree or disagree that experienced teachers are a deciding factor in the success of a school?

 

7. 2016年1月23日

Which course about history are you interested in? Science history, art history or history of 20th century?

 

8. 2016年3月13日

Which campus improvement do you suggest your school to invest in: swimming pool, cafeteria or dormitory? Please give specific reasons to support your opinion.

 

9. 2016年12月3日

Which of the following three would you choose to do in summer vacation? Working as a librarian, painter in an art center, or life guard in the natatorium?

 

10. 2016年11月5日

Which of the following technological developments have made the greatest impact on students’ lives?

1. electronic books

2. online classes

3. smartphones

 

11. 2016年11月12日

If university plans to add a new course that is being offered to students, which of the following courses, in your opinion, would attract most students?

1. Sound engineering and recording

2. History of rock music

3. Film studies

 

12. 2016年11月13日

If you are going to choose a roommate which of the following quality is more important to you.

Cleanness

Friendliness

Quietness

 

13. 2016年9月24日

Which would you prefer: doing exercise every day or only when you are free?

 

14. 2016年12月11日

Do you agree or disagree that it is important for young people to learn some domestic skills like cooking, sewing and taking care of children?

 

15. 2016年12月17日

Some students choose to enter the university immediately after finishing high school, others prefer taking time off before beginning the university class. Which option do you think is better? Explain why.

 

16. 2016年12月3日

There are two invitations. One is from a party with your friends and the other is that having a dinner party with your parents. Which one would you prefer and why?

 

17. 2016年8月20日

In every culture, there are some customs or traditions from the past those young people no longer follow. Describe a custom or tradition form the past that is no longer common but that you wish still popular today. Give specific reasons why you wish that still popular.

 

18. 2016年9月10日

Which of the following ways is the best in getting to know Italian culture?

1 watching Italian movies

2 leaning Italian cooking

3 attending Italian lectures or classes

 

19. 2016年11月19日

Nowadays traffic congestions are increasing, what can we do to reduce the cars in the city?

 

20. 2016年2月27日

Your friend has to work a lot. Please suggest a hobby help him spend his weekend in a more delightful way. Explain why. Please include details and examples in your explanation.

 

21. 2016年2月28日

Describe the disadvantages of moving to a new place.

 

22. 2016年3月19日

If you are a teacher of a tutor group and you are going to take students to a study trip, where would you take them to?

A. science museum

B. local farm

C. theater performance

 

23. 2016年3月26日

Describe what you were like when you started attending school.

 

24. 2016年4月9日

Describe one of the most popular websites in your country? Explain why it is popular with details or examples.

 

25. 2016年4月23日

What do you think is the most important thing that parents should teach their children? Please include details in your response.

 

26. 2016年6月4日

Describe one or two ways your life may change five years from now. Please include specific reasons and details in your response.

 

27. 2016年7月3日

Your friend is coming to your country for studying, but he or she is worried about the cost, what advice you can offer?

 

28. 2016年7月9日

What is the ONE thing that makes your country different from other countries?

 

29. 2016年7月10日

Which of the following choice do you think has the greatest impact on environmental protection?

1. Governmental Regulations

2. Environmental Awareness Groups

3. Individual Efforts

 

30. 2016年2月28日

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Schools need to encourage students to be more creative and use imagination to be a successful person.

 

31. 2016年3月11日

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: It is more important to maintain a relationship with family members than with friends.

 

32. 2016年3月13日

Some people get to know a person by the first observation while others prefer to get to know a person by long-time observation. Which one do you prefer and explain why?

 

33. 2016年5月29日

Do you think it is a good idea for parents to give kids monetary reward if they have good grades in school? Please include details and examples in your explanation.

 

34. 2016年7月2日

Do you agree or disagree the following statement? Older doctors are more knowledgeable than young doctors? Use specific details and examples to explain why.

 

35. 2016年8月21日

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? If you want to succeed in business, being outgoing and friendly is very important.

 

36. 2016年9月10日

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Students learn more when teachers assign a lot of homework. Use specific details and examples to explain why.

 

37. 2016年10月15日

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: a boss or a manager should not form a close friendship with their employees.

 

38. 2016年10月22日

Do you agree or disagree: Government should not allow violence and bad language in television program.

 

2015年

1. 2015年11月14日

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is easier to be an adult than it is to be a child.

 

2. 2015年9月5日

When do you think is the best time for one to learn a second language? Please use details to support your reasons.

3.  2015年9月17日

Your university will sponsor one of the following activities for students, an outdoor camp night, a music festival to experience the local culture or a computer game contest in the dorm. Which do you think is the best and why?

 

4. 2015年10月25日

Every year, many experienced and inexperienced climbers try to climb the Mount Qomolangma, how would you describe their behavior: dangerous, adventurous or foolish? Explain your choice with details.

 

5. 2015年10月31日

What kind of activity do you think that children do to cultivate a sense of responsibility? 1. keep a pet; 2.do house chores; 3. help take care of their younger sisters or brothers. Use specific details and examples in your response.

 

6. 2015年5月30日

Some people prefer to solve a challenge all by themselves. Others prefer to depend on other people’s help. Which do you prefer and why? Include details and examples in your explanation.

 

7. 2015年7月12日

When students have questions about an assignment for class, some prefer to ask their professors for help, others would rather ask fellow students. Which do you prefer?

 

8. 2015年8月22日
When you are watching movies, do you prefer to discuss with others or enjoy the movie quietly on your own? Explain your reasons with details.

 

9. 2015年9月12日

Some people prefer to have their schedules fully and specifically arranged. Some people however, prefer to leave themselves a lot of free time. Which do you prefer and why?

 

10. 2015年1月10日

Your friend is always late for group events, what suggestions do you have for him?

 

11. 2015年1月16日

Describe a serious problem that your country is facing. Explain why it is so serious.

 

12. 2015年2月28日

If a foreigner comes to your country, what would you advise him to take home?

 

13. 2015年4月10日

Which of the following activities should the university give rewards to its high performance?

1. Volunteer service

2.Atheletic achievement

3. Academic performance

 

14. 2015年6月6日

In your country when do people give gift to each other? Describe the occasion and types of gifts.

 

15. 2015年7月11日

Which one of the following characteristics does your friend value most: cheerfulness, kindness or intelligence? Please choose one and use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

 

16. 2015年9月19日

Do you agree or disagree the statement that we should let children use the computers or other electronic devices as early as they can?

 

17. 2015年11月07日

Which kind of extracurricular activity would you like to attend if you have a chance: writing essays for students’ newspaper, joining a hiking club or working in the dormitory discipline committee?

 

18. 2015年1月10日

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Building zoos helps to protect animals. Please give your answer with specific examples and details.

 

19. 2015年4月10日

Do you prefer big family or small family? Please give your answer with specific examples and details.

 

20. 2015年6月6日

Do you agree with the statement: employees should be allowed to listen to music at work?

 

21. 2015年7月11日

Some people prefer jobs working with computers or other technology, others like jobs working with no such technology. Which do you think is better and why?

 

22. 2015年8月7日

Some people prefer to wash dishes by a dishwasher. Others prefer to wash dishes by hands. Which do you prefer and why?

 

23. 2015年9月19日

The university plans to turn long summer holiday into several short holidays. Do you think it’s a good idea?

 

24. 2015年11月07日

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Some people think the stories of famous people on TV have no

relevance to ordinary people.

 

25. 2015年1月10日

Some people think in the future students will have classes on the internet, but some think students will still have class in traditional classroom buildings. What is your opinion and why?

 

26. 2015年1月11日

Some people prefer to live in a traditional building. Others prefer modern ones. Which one do you prefer and why? Please give specific reasons to support your idea.

 

27. 2015年2月01日

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should always wear fashionable clothes. Please use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

 

28. 2015年3月28日

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Students should do some part- time jobs before they attend college. Please use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

 

2014年

1. 2014年4月19日

Describe the most important decision that you have ever made. Please include specific details in your answer.

 

2. 2014年5月25日

Compare the differences between two singers you like. Include specific reasons and details in your explanation.

 

3. 2014年6月15日

Describe a gift you would like to give to someone. Please answer the question with specific details.

 

4. 2014年7月12日

What’s your favorite school subject? How does it become your favorite? Please give your answers with specific details.

 

5. 2014年9月14日

Describe a friend of yours. Explain how you become friends. Please include details in your response.

 

6. 2014年9月21日

Describe an interesting style of clothing in your country. Please use specific details.

 

7. 2014年10月11日

Describe a character in a book, film, or poem, explain why you like him or her. Please use specific details.

 

8. 2014年11月02日

Which type of movie is not enjoyable for you to watch: action, romance or science fiction movies? Please give your answers with specific examples and details.

 

9. 2014年11月29日

Describe a person whom you want to learn from and explain what and why you want to learn from him.

 

10. 2014年12月27日

What do you do to deal with homesick when you are away from home? Please include specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

 

11. 2014年12月28日

Your friend often feels nervous when speaking in front of large group of people. What suggestions would you give to your friend to overcome this fear?

 

12. 2014年5月17日

Some people like to get advice from parents or grandparents, while some people like to get help from their peers. Which do you prefer and why? Please include specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

 

13. 2014年6月29日

Some people prefer to make detailed plans for the future. Others prefer to concentrate on present things and don’t make any plans at all. Which way do you prefer? Please use specific reasons to support your answer.

 

14. 2014年7月06日

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Wealthy people should be required to help poor people. Please answer the question with specific examples and details.

 

15. 2014年8月16日

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Playing computer games or video games is a waste of teenagers’time. Please use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

 

16. 2014年9月14日

Some students take notes very often during class. Other students do not take notes or rarely take notes. Which do you think is better? Please explain with details.

 

17. 2014年9月27日

Which shop do you prefer, large department store or small boutique? Please give your answer with specific examples and details.

 

18. 2014年11月8日

Which do you prefer? A job in a distant city with a high salary, or a job in your current city with a lower salary.

 

19. 2014年11月29日

Do you think the government should spend funding to save the animals on the verge of extinction, or should the money come from private sources? Please give your opinion and explanation using specific examples and details.

 

2013年

1. 2013年3月3日

Which following job do you prefer, lawyer, veterinarian, or restaurant owner? Please give specific reasons for your preference.

 

2. 2013年4月20日

What advice would you give a friend who just got a job? Explain what the suggestion is and its importance. Please include specific details.

 

3. 2013年8月17日

Which kind of skill do you admire most? Sport skill, language skill, or art skill. Please include specific reasons and details in your explanation.

 

4. 2013年9月1日

Talk about a subject that you think is important but you do not enjoy studying. Explain why it is important and why you do not enjoy studying it.

 

5. 2013年12月01日

If a foreign tourist visits your city, where would you take him to? A factory, a university, or a museum? Please include specific reasons and details in your response.

 

6. 2013年12月21日

Describe a wonderful period of time in your life. Explain why you like that period of time and give specific reasons to support your answer.

 

7. 2013年3月17日

Some people prefer to sit in the front of a classroom during a lecture; others prefer to sit in the back during a lecture. Which do to think is better? Explain your response in details and examples.

 

8. 2013年4月14日

Some people think that students should do parttime jobs. Other people think that students should focus on their study without doing part-time jobs. What is your opinion and why?

 

9. 2013年5月18日

Do you agree or disagree with the statement that parents are the best teacher for children? Give specific reasons and details in your response.

 

10. 2013年7月21日

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is a good thing to have classes with youe best friend. Use examples and details in your response.

 

11. 2013年9月14日

Some people prefer to watch movies in theatres, others prefer to watch movies at home. Which one do you prefer? Explain your answer in details.

 

12. 2013年10月20日

Some people prefer to watch a sport game from the audience seat, others prefer to be in the sport field and complete with others. Which do you prefer to do?

 

13. 2013年11月21日

Which do you prefer, reading paper books or reading electronic books? Explain why.

 

にゃんこ先生
一緒に日本の英語教育を変えていかない?広告なしでサイト運営を続けるため、寄付を募集しているよ。PaypalBaseでご飯代をくれると嬉しいな。
にゃんこ先生
質問、要望、ツッコミ、おすすめ勉強法、なんでも遠慮せずにコメントしてね。閲覧者同士でのコミュニケーションも大歓迎だよ。
にゃんこ先生
読んでくれてありがと。FacebookTwitterから、最新情報を受け取る事が可能だよ。シェアもよろしくね。

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