TOEFL対策スピーキング勉強法① みんな使える英語ネタ

さて、今日からTOEFL Speaking Independent Taskの具体的戦略を全7回にわたって説明したい。今日は待望の第1回目である。

英語の学習ネタを使うと、かなり多くのTOEFLの問題に答えることができる。

TOEFL対策スピーキング勉強法 テンプレートを捨てる勇気

2017.06.02

TOEFLスピーキングでおすすめ STAR 戦略

Independent Taskに回答するためにおすすめする回答方法は、面接等でも推奨されているSTAR戦略を取ることである。STAR戦略の利点として、具体的な自分の経験を議論の中心に置くことができ、抽象的な議論をするよりもアイディアを出すのが楽になる。

  1. Situation        状況説明
  2. Task              解決しなければいけない課題
  3. Action           課題を克服するためしたアクション
  4. Result           結果
にゃんこ先生
ちなみに、SituationとTaskの分類はそこまで神経質になる必要はない。
にゃんこ先生
S+Tで1セット。Actionが大事。

TOEFL Speaking 演習問題①

早速だが、以下の問題に15秒で準備し、45秒で答えてほしい。

Describe a piece of news you have received that made you happy. Why did it make you happy?

 

基本エピソード① Learn English

これ問題を、このブログを読んでいる全ての人に通じる、英語のエピソードで答えてみたい。

1. 質問へ解答

It is my TOEFL score.

2. Situation

When I was a university student, I studied English very hard to study abroad.

3. Task (ここまで10秒)

But, at first, my TOEFL score was low. It was only 60.

4. Action (30秒)

So,  I took English classes to improve my English ability.

In a class, I talked about my favorite food, books, and movies in English and the professor Ken gave me feedback on my pronunciation, intonation, and expressions.

Also, I listened to the CDs in the textbook and practiced shadowing and dictation every day.

The professor recommended me to read English books like Harry Potter to learn new words and improve my reading speed.

I spent a lot of time studying English.

5. Result (5秒-10秒)

As a result, my TOEFL score improved dramatically from 60 to 100.

That news made me happy.

にゃんこ先生
ポイントは、Situation/Taskは簡潔に済ませ、質問文を再度読む必要はない

にゃんこ先生
アクションを3-5個は入れるようにし、エピソードの具体性を増す。

にゃんこ先生
最後にResultを簡潔に入れる。

にゃんこ先生
これで、俺/私はこれで困ってたんだけど、こう言うアクションをとって、結果としてこうなったよ、という流れになり、簡単かつ聞き手にも伝わりやすくなる。

 

TOEFL Speaking 演習問題 ②〜⑩

にゃんこ先生
重要なのは、どうやってこのエピソードを他の質問に転用するのか。

にゃんこ先生
以下に9個の質問を用意した。英語のエピソードを使い以下に答えてみよう。

 

演習問題②

Describe a recent impressive experience.

解答例

演習問題③

Which occupation do you think is most rewarding?

University professor

Newspaper journalist

Volunteer worker

解答例

演習問題④

Describe your best accomplishment which you thought you could not complete.

What made it possible for you to complete it.

解答例

演習問題⑤

Which do you prefer?

To do several tasks at the same time or to do one task at one time, and do it step by step.

解答例

演習問題⑥

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

It’s a waste of time for students to take classes which are not related to their major.

解答例

演習問題⑦

Which do you prefer?

To make a plan and prepare for something in advance or just to concentrate on the issue now you are facing.

解答例

演習問題⑧

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Friends are the most influential people in your life.

解答例

演習問題⑨

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Cell phones have improved our lives.

解答例

演習問題⑩

Your friend is planning to take one year off to work before going to university. Do you recommend this? What is an advantage or disadvantage of taking a year off to work before entering university?

解答例

TOEFL Speaking 解答例 ②〜⑩

演習問題②

Describe a recent impressive experience.

質問に回答

It is my TOEFL score.

Situation

I am a Japanese businessman and now I am studying English for TOEFL.

Task

But, at first, my TOEFL score was low. It was only 60.

Action

So I joined an English school near Shibuya Station.

In the class, I answered some TOEFL questions and the teacher Ken gave me feedback on my pronunciation, intonation, and expressions.

Also, I listened to the CDs in the textbook and practiced shadowing and dictation every day.

The teacher recommended me to read English books like Harry Potter to learn new words and improve my reading speed.

I spent a lot of time studying English.

Result

As a result, my TOEFL score improved dramatically from 60 to 100.

That experience impressed me very much.

にゃんこ先生
そりゃTOEFLの点数40点上がれば印象的な経験になるよ。

 

演習問題③

Which occupation do you think is most rewarding?

University professor

Newspaper journalist

Volunteer worker

質問に回答

It is university professors.

Situation

When I was a university student,

Task

my English proficiency was very low at first.

Action

So,  I took English classes to improve my English.

In a class, I talked about my favorite food, books, and movies in English and the professor Ken gave me feedback on my pronunciation, intonation, and expressions.

Also, I listened to the CDs in the textbook and practiced shadowing and dictation every day.

The professor recommended me to read English books like Harry Potter to learn new words and improve my reading speed.

I spent a lot of time studying English.

Result

Thanks to Ken, my TOEFL English improved dramatically and got a job at an international company.

So, I think university professor is most rewarding.

にゃんこ先生
英語の先生のおかげで良い会社入れたよ。先生って一番やりがいのある仕事だよね。

 

演習問題④

Describe your best accomplishment which you thought you could not complete.  What made it possible for you to complete it.

質問に回答

It is my TOEFL score.

Situation

When I was a university student, I studied English for TOEFL to study abroad.

Task

However, my TOEFL score was only 60 at first.

It seemed impossible to improve my score at first.

Action

So,  I took English classes to improve my English.

In a class, I talked about my favorite food, books, and movies in English and the professor Ken gave me feedback on my pronunciation, intonation, and expressions.

Also, I listened to the CDs in the textbook and practiced shadowing and dictation every day.

The professor recommended me to read English books like Harry Potter to learn new words and improve my reading speed.

I spent a lot of time studying English.

Result

Thanks to Ken, my TOEFL score improved dramatically from 60 to 100.

It is my best accomplishment in my life.

にゃんこ先生
質問に合わせて最初は無理そうだったけど、でーきた、にすれば大丈夫

 

演習問題⑤

Which do you prefer? To do several tasks at the same time or to do one task at one time, and do it step by step.

質問に回答

I prefer to do one task at one time.

Situation

I am a Japanese businessman and now I am studying English for TOEFL.

Task

But, at first, my TOEFL score was low. It was only 60.

Action

So I joined an English school near Shibuya Station.

In the class, I answered some TOEFL questions and the teacher Ken gave me feedback on my pronunciation, intonation, and expressions.

Also, I listened to the CDs in the textbook and practiced shadowing and dictation every day.

The teacher recommended me to read English books like Harry Potter to learn new words and improve my reading speed.

I spent a lot of time studying English.

Result

Thanks to my focus on studying English, my TOEFL score improved dramatically from 60 to 100.

にゃんこ先生
英語ばっかりやって、TOEFL点数上がったよ、でOK。

演習問題⑥

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

It’s a waste of time for students to take classes which are not related to their major.

質問に回答

I disagree with this idea.

Situation

When I was a university student, I majored economics but I studied English hard.

Task

At first, my English was quite low.

Action

So,  I took English classes to improve my English.

In a class, I talked about my favorite food, books, and movies in English and the professor Ken gave me feedback on my pronunciation, intonation, and expressions.

Also, I listened to the CDs in the textbook and practiced shadowing and dictation every day.

The professor recommended me to read English books like Harry Potter to learn new words and improve my reading speed.

I spent a lot of time studying English.

Result

As a result, my English improved and I got a job at an international company.

にゃんこ先生
メジャーは違ったけど、英語やってたおかげでいい仕事につけたよ。

演習問題⑦

Which do you prefer?

To make a plan and prepare for something in advance or just to concentrate on the issue now you are facing.

質問に回答

I prefer to concentrate on the issue I am facing.

Situation

I am a Japanese businessman and now I am studying English for TOEFL.

Task

But, at first, my TOEFL score was low. It was only 60.

Action

So I joined an English school near Shibuya Station.

In the class, I answered some TOEFL questions and the teacher Ken gave me feedback on my pronunciation, intonation, and expressions.

Also, I listened to the CDs in the textbook and practiced shadowing and dictation every day.

The teacher recommended me to read English books like Harry Potter to learn new words and improve my reading speed.

I spent a lot of time studying English.

Result

As a result, my TOEFL score improved dramatically from 60 to 100.

にゃんこ先生
英語ばっかりこんなにやったんだよ、と言う感を出す。

演習問題⑧

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Friends are the most influential people in your life.

質問に回答

I agree with this idea.

Situation

When I was a university student, I studied English for TOEFL to study abroad.

Task

However, my TOEFL score was only 60 at first. I asked my friend Ken who were from America, how he improved his English.

Action

Ken gave me a lot of advice.

He suggested me to listen to the CDs in the textbook and practiced shadowing and dictation every day.

Also, he recommended me to watch English TV shows like Friends and modern family to learn good expressions.

I also started to read English books like Harry Potter to learn new words and improve my reading speed.

Result

Thanks to Ken, my TOEFL score improved dramatically from 60 to 100.

It is my best accomplishment in my life.

にゃんこ先生
Kenを友達にして色々英語のアドバイスくれたことにする?

演習問題⑨

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Cell phones have improved our lives.

質問に回答

I agree with this idea.

Situation

When I was a university student, I studied English for TOEFL to study abroad.

Task

However, my TOEFL score was only 60 at first.

I used my iPhone to study English.

Action

I listened to English news such as BBC and CNN with my iPhone to improve listening ability while commuting to the university.

Also, I watched English TV shows like Friends and modern family to learn good expressions by using my cell phone.

I downloaded Kindle application and read English books like Harry Potter to learn new words and improve my reading speed

I spent a lot of time studying English with my iPhone.

Result

As a result, my TOEFL score improved dramatically from 60 to 100.

にゃんこ先生
携帯使って英語勉強して、TOEFlの点数上がったら、生活品質向上してるよね?

演習問題⑩

Your friend is planning to take one year off to work before going to university. Do you recommend this? What is an advantage or disadvantage of taking a year off to work before entering university?

質問に回答

I do not recommend this to my friend.

Situation

After graduating from high school, I immediately entered university.

Task

I wanted to get a job at a global company.

Action

So I took English classes and learned how to improve my pronunciation, intonation, and expressions, especially the difference between R and L was useful.

Also, I listened to the CDs in the textbook and practiced shadowing and dictation every day.

The professor recommended me to read English books like Harry Potter to learn new words and improve my reading speed.

I spent a lot of time studying English.

Result

As a result, my English improved and got a job at an international company.

にゃんこ先生
私は英語が勉強したいから大学にすぐ行った。そのおかげで良い仕事につけた。

終わりに

にゃんこ先生
英語のエピソードは割と優秀。かなり多くの問題に転用できるよ。

にゃんこ先生
アクションは変えてもいい。転用の仕方を覚えよう。

TOEFLスピーキング追加演習問題

にゃんこ先生
一緒に日本の英語教育を変えていかない?広告なしでサイト運営を続けるため、寄付を募集しているよ。PaypalBaseでご飯代をくれると嬉しいな。
にゃんこ先生
質問、要望、ツッコミ、おすすめ勉強法、なんでも遠慮せずにコメントしてね。閲覧者同士でのコミュニケーションも大歓迎だよ。
にゃんこ先生
読んでくれてありがと。Facebookから、最新情報を受け取る事が可能だよ。応援よろしくね。

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