TOEFLライティング 出題傾向と厳選過去問2014

ねこ君
TOEFLライティング、TPOは一通りやり終わったんだけど、次は何をやればいいの?

ねこ君
もっと過去問欲しいよ!良い教材教えてよ!!

にゃんこ先生
さてと、今日はTOEFLライティング過去問シリーズ第二弾。TOEFLライティングは毎回新しい問題に見せかけて、過去の問題からも結構出題されるんだよね。

にゃんこ先生
必ずしも同じ問題が出題されるわけではないけど、問題の質、傾向は昔と比べて変わってきてるから、過去問をざっと見ておくと本番で安心できる。

 

TOEFLライティングの問題傾向の分析

出題傾向

下記は、2017年上半期すべてのTOEFL試験のライティング問題を分析した団体からの情報を整理したものとなる。

Independent Writingについて、2017年7月まで22回の試験のうち、12回は新しい問題で10回は過去に出題された問題であった。

この過去から出題された10問の過去問のうち、2017年は1問、2016年から2問、2015年から2問、2014年から4問、2011年から1問が出題された。

 

にゃんこ先生
つまり、TOEFL受験者のみんなは、2014年、2015年と、2016年の過去問に焦点を当てて対策をするべき。

 

難易度

2016年と比べて難易度はあまり変わらず、しかし、問題の長さは大幅に増加し、時には問題だけでコンピュータ画面の半分弱を占めていた。

受験者にとってストレスになりやすいが、速く問題文を読む、トピックのポイントをつかむようになるため、普段からより多くの過去問を練習することがおすすめだ。

 

テーマ/トピック

最も重要なテーマは、教育(Education)、活動(Activity)、家族と友人(Family/Friend)、そして価値観(Value)のカテゴリーである。

Independent Writingテーマはますます広くなり、社会的な話題も増えてきた。これは、受験者に、社会の動きについて普段から関心と独自の洞察力を持つこと、より高い思考能力と作文能力を求めていることだ。

 

重要過去問

2014年

1 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is often not a good thing for people to move to a new town or a new country because of the loss of old social connection. (2014年3月1日)

 

2 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It’s necessary to put a lot of money into a business to make it successful. (2014年4月19日)

 

3 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is more important for the government to provide money for things that are beautiful than things that are practical. (2014年5月24日)

 

4 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents should set strict rules to their children if they want them to succeed in the future. (2014年5月25日)

 

5 Which do you prefer, to buy new technological devices immediately after they become available or to wait till many people have adopted (=accepted and started to use) them? (2014年6月15日)

 

6 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People who cannot accept the criticism from others will not be successful at working in a group. (2014年6月21日)

 

7 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is commonly believed that in life, success is not the most important thing; it is more important to remain happy and optimistic when we fail. (2014年6月29日)

 

8 People should take time to relax with hobbies or physical activities that very different from what they do at work. (2014年7月6日)

 

9 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The most important investment of a company is to improve the skills of its employees. (2014年8月16日)

 

10 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Although science and technology will continue to improve, the most significant improvements in the quality of people’s lives have already taken place. (2014年8月23日)

 

11 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The ability to maintain a small number of friends for a long time is more important to happiness than the ability to make new friends easily. (2014年8月30日)

 

12 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Modern agriculture does damage the environment, but providing food for the growing population around the world is more important than protecting the environment. (2014年10月11日)

 

13 It is important for everyone to know about what happening all around the world even though the events have not affect our daily life. (2014年10月18日)

 

14 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? As modern life gets more and more complex, it is essential for young people to have the ability to plan and organize. (2014年10月26日)

 

15 Do you agree with the following statement? People often buy products not because they really need them but because other people have them. (2014年11月2日)

 

16 When making a major purchase (for example, car or laptop), our decisions can be influenced by different sources of information. Explain how each of the following sources of information can influence your decision. (2014年11月9日)

(1) Recommendations from friends or colleagues

(2) Information from media (for example, TV, magazines, newspapers)

(3) Recommendations from salesperson in the store

 

17 Some people like to record their life by sharing pictures and other information on social-networking sites. Others keep this information to themselves and never share it online. Which do you prefer? (2014年11月29日)

 

18 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Being creative is more important in finding the best solution to a problem than planning carefully. (2014年12月6日)

 

19 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Students are more interested in politics than before. (2014年12月13日)

 

20 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The way a person dresses reflects his/her characters.(2014年12月14日)

 

21 Some parents do not agree with the way teachers are teaching their children. Do you think that parents should express their disapproval to the teachers?(2014年12月5日)

 

22 Some people say that teachers and parents should decide what assignment or activities children should do after school. Others say that children should make these decisions on their own. Which view do you agree with and why?(2014年2月8日)

 

23 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People in the past are more interested in improving their neighborhood (the area where they live) than now.(2014年4月5日)

 

24 Some people think it would help students to learn if teachers give time for discussion in class, others think that class discussion is unnecessary. What is your opinion and why?(2014年5月10日)

 

25 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? While parents have the responsibility to educate young people about healthy eating habits, schools should also be responsible for this. (2014年5月23日)

 

26 Someone thinks that scores should be the sum total of the scores of many assignments while others think that the scores should be the results of 1 or 2 exams. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. (2014年6月8日)

 

27 The community you live in is planning on setting up new facilities, which of the following do you think would benefit the community most and why? (2014年9月10日)

1. a shopping mall

2. an art center

3. a hotel

 

28 A leader should have strong opinions and do not change his or her mind on these opinions. (2014年10月25日)

 

29 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A person who plans well and works carefully is more likely to succeed than a person who takes risks. (2014年12月12日)

 

にゃんこ先生
質問、要望、ツッコミ、おすすめ勉強法、なんでも遠慮せずにコメントしてね。閲覧者同士でのコミュニケーションも大歓迎だよ。
にゃんこ先生
読んでくれてありがと。FacebookTwitterから、最新情報を受け取る事が可能だよ。シェアもよろしくね。
 

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