TOEFLライティング 出題傾向と厳選過去問2015-2016

ねこ君
TOEFLライティング、TPOは一通りやり終わったんだけど、次は何をやればいいの?

ねこ君
やっぱり過去問かなぁ?過去問ってどこで手に入るんだろう?

にゃんこ先生
TOEFLライティングは毎回新しい問題に見せかけて、過去の問題からも結構出題されるんだよね。

にゃんこ先生
過去問を一通り見ておいて、ネタを考えておくだけでも本番ですごく役にたつよ。

 

TOEFLライティングの問題傾向の分析

出題傾向

下記は、2017年上半期すべてのTOEFL試験のライティング問題を分析した団体からの情報を整理したものとなる。

Independent Writingについて、2017年7月まで22回の試験のうち、12回は新しい問題で10回は過去に出題された問題であった。

この過去から出題された10問の過去問のうち、2017年は1問、2016年から2問、2015年から2問、2014年から4問、2011年から1問が出題された。

 

にゃんこ先生
つまり、TOEFL受験者のみんなは、2014年、2015年と、2016年の過去問に焦点を当てて対策をするべき。

 

難易度

2016年と比べて難易度はあまり変わらず、しかし、問題の長さは大幅に増加し、時には問題だけでコンピュータ画面の半分弱を占めていた。

受験者にとってストレスになりやすいが、速く問題文を読む、トピックのポイントをつかむようになるため、普段からより多くの過去問を練習することがおすすめだ。

 

テーマ/トピック

最も重要なテーマは、教育(Education)、活動(Activity)、家族と友人(Family/Friend)、そして価値観(Value)のカテゴリーである。

Independent Writingテーマはますます広くなり、社会的な話題も増えてきた。これは、受験者に、社会の動きについて普段から関心と独自の洞察力を持つこと、より高い思考能力と作文能力を求めていることだ。

 

重要過去問

2016年

1 Which of the following three activities do you prefer to do with a group of people rather than alone?

A. Eat a meal

B. Listen to music

C. Do homework

 

2 
It’s difficult for teachers to be both popular (well liked) and effective in helping students learn. Agree or disagree?

 

3 
Some people think it is the best approach for students to learn if school start the day at an early time in the morning. But someone thinks the school should start the day at a late time. Which one do you prefer? Use specific reasons and detailed examples to support your answer.

 

4 Some people believe that video games could inspire young students’ interest and make their study more efficient rather than distracting them and a waste of time, so young students should be allowed to play video games.

 

5 High school students should be required to study many different subjects at the same time or they should study only three or four subjects at a time.

 

6 Students in a university club want to help others, but they can only choose one project a year, which one of the following is the best?

A. Help those students in a nearby primary school with reading and mathematics

B. Help people who cannot afford to build or rent a home to build a house

C. Visit and assist elderly people with daily tasks.

 

7 The most important thing the government should do to improve health care is to clean the environment.

 

8 The government can take a variety of actions to help protect the environment. Which one of the following do you think is the most important for the nation’s government to take to protect the environment.

A. Fund the research to develop environmentally friendly energy sources such as solar and wind energy.

B. Preserve the natural places like forests and protect the animals that live there.

C. Enforce laws to prevent the pollution of air and water by large companies.

 

9 If you were offered two jobs, one has an average paid and you work normal hours (40 hours a week), the other one has a much higher salary but you need to work long hours. Which one would you choose? And state your reasons.

 

10 Taking a lot of time to make an important decision is viewed as a bad quality for a person to have. But now it’s considered as a good quality of a person. Do you agree or disagree with the statement?

 

11 
University students are often encouraged to study fields in which significant job growth (a large increase in job opportunities) is expected; these fields currently include science, technology, engineering, and math, do you believe students should consider studying fields related to these subjects even if they are more interested in other subjects? Why or why not?

 

12 Do you agree or disagree: It is better to travel abroad to visit different countries when you are younger rather than when you are older.

 

13 Some teenagers took part in kinds of activities,such as musical classes, sports classes and so on, but others only focus on one activity which is important to them, which idea do you support, provide ideas and give some examples.

 

14 Do you agree or disagree: it is better to use your own knowledge and experience to solve problems than to ask other people for advice.

 

2015 年

1 Do you agree or disagree with the statement? All university students should be required to take history courses no matter what field they study in.

 

2 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: All university students should take basic science courses regardless of their fields of study.

 

3 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The most important characteristics for a politician or leader is good communication ability.

 

4 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The rules that the whole societies today expect young people to follow and obey are too strict.

 

5 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Movies and televisions have more negative influences than positive influences on young people’s behavior.

 

6 Some people think that it is an important part of a child’s education to go on field trips (for example, museums), other people think a child’s time is better spent learning in a classroom at school. What is your opinion?

 

7 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? More and more people are spending money on their pets unnecessarily when the money could be spent on something better.

 

8 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It’s better to complete a project and then start another one than to do several things at the same time.

 

9 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The government should spend money helping more people access the Internet instead of improving public transportation.

 

10 Some people always follow their dreams even if the dreams are ambitious. Some think we should focus on achieving realistic goals. Which do you agree with? Why?

 

11 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? When people spend a lot of time watching sports on television or following their favorite team, does it have negative effects on their lives?

 

12 Which way do you think is the best for a student to make new friends. a. joining a sports team, b. participating in community activities, c. traveling.

 

13 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It’s better to spend money enjoying life like going on vacation than to save money for the future.

 

14 
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The best way for parents to teach their children about responsibility is to have them care for animals.

 

15 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teachers should be paid at least as much as doctors, lawyers or business leaders.

 

16 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? These days, children spend more time on doing homework or participating in organized activities related to school or sports. However, they should be given more time to do whatever they want.

 

17 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The best way to reduce air pollution is for the government to raise the cost of fuel (petrol).

 

18 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is important to have rules about the types of clothes that people wear in their workplace and at school.

 

19 In order to attract more tourists, the government could either improve safety by hiring more police or improve its appearance by repairing old buildings and streets. Which way do you think is more effective?

 

20 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? In order to succeed, it is better to be more like others than different from everyone else.

 

21 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?Grandparents cannot give useful advice to their grandchildren because the world of today and the world of 50 years ago are too different.

 

22 Nowadays, students do many things like surfing the internet, listening to music when they are learning. Do you agree or disagree that doing other things impose a bad effect on learning?

 

23 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?Which is better for children’s education: 9-month study and 3-month break or 3-month study and 1-month break?

 

24 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is a waste of money for the government to spend money on space travel or space exploration.

 

25 Which one is the most important for a teacher of high school? The ability to help students plan for their future; the ability to find the student who needs the most help and to give that help; or the ability to encourage students to learn on their own outside of the classroom.

 

26 A school used to offer three after-class activities.1)sports 2)art 3)volunteering,but this year, school’s extra money only can offer one activity. Which one do you choose and why?

 

27 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?The more money a person has, the more he or she should give away to the charities.

 

28 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?It is more important for the government to spend money on art museum and concert halls than on recreational facilities such as swimming pools and playgrounds.

 

29 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? One quality that a successful leader must have is to make decisions quickly; when a leader takes too much time to make decisions, he will be seen as inefficient to the people he leads.

 

30 If you want to change one aspect to improve your health, which would you choose? Why?

A. The kinds of food you eat

B. The amount of the exercise you do

C. The amount of the stress in your life

 

31 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People now can better protect the environment than they could in the past.

 

32 Do you agree or disagree with the parents should let children make mistake and let them learn from their own mistakes

 

33 Agree or disagree: people nowadays spend much more time than they should use text messages and new technologies such as social media to communicate with each other.

 

34 Some people prefer doing sports on their own, such as running, while others like to do sports in groups. Which one do you prefer?

 

35 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The food we eat today is much healthier than in the past.

 

にゃんこ先生
一緒に日本の英語教育を変えていかない?広告なしでサイト運営を続けるため、寄付を募集しているよ。PaypalBaseでご飯代をくれると嬉しいな。
にゃんこ先生
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にゃんこ先生
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