TOEFLライティング 出題傾向と厳選過去問80題(2014-2016)

ねこ君
TOEFLライティング、TPOは一通りやり終わったんだけど、次は何をやればいいの?

ねこ君
やっぱり過去問かなぁ?過去問ってどこで手に入るんだろう?

にゃんこ先生
TOEFLライティングは毎回新しい問題に見せかけて、過去の問題からも結構出題されるんだよね。

にゃんこ先生
過去問を一通り見ておいて、ネタを考えておくだけでも本番ですごく役にたつよ。

 

TOEFLライティングの問題傾向の分析

出題傾向

下記は、2017年上半期すべてのTOEFL iBT試験のライティング問題を分析した団体からの情報を整理したものとなる。

Independent Writingについて、2017年7月まで22回の試験のうち、12回は新しい問題で10回は過去に出題された問題であった。

この過去から出題された10問の過去問のうち、2017年は1問、2016年から2問、2015年から2問、2014年から4問、2011年から1問が出題された。

 

にゃんこ先生
つまり、TOEFL受験者のみんなは、2014年、2015年と、2016年の過去問に焦点を当てて対策をするべき。

 

難易度

2016年と比べて難易度はあまり変わらず、しかし、問題の長さは大幅に増加し、時には問題だけでコンピュータ画面の半分弱を占めていた。

受験者にとってストレスになりやすいが、速く問題文を読む、トピックのポイントをつかむようになるため、普段からより多くの過去問を練習することがおすすめだ。

 

テーマ/トピック

最も重要なテーマは、教育(Education)、活動(Activity)、家族と友人(Family/Friend)、そして価値観(Value)のカテゴリーである。

Independent Writingテーマはますます広くなり、社会的な話題も増えてきた。これは、受験者に、社会の動きについて普段から関心と独自の洞察力を持つこと、より高い思考能力と作文能力を求めていることだ。

 

 

ライティング重要過去問

2016年(14問)

1 Which of the following three activities do you prefer to do with a group of people rather than alone?

A. Eat a meal

B. Listen to music

C. Do homework

 

2 
It’s difficult for teachers to be both popular (well liked) and effective in helping students learn. Agree or disagree?

 

3 
Some people think it is the best approach for students to learn if school start the day at an early time in the morning. But someone thinks the school should start the day at a late time. Which one do you prefer? Use specific reasons and detailed examples to support your answer.

 

4 Some people believe that video games could inspire young students’ interest and make their study more efficient rather than distracting them and a waste of time, so young students should be allowed to play video games.

 

5 High school students should be required to study many different subjects at the same time or they should study only three or four subjects at a time.

 

6 Students in a university club want to help others, but they can only choose one project a year, which one of the following is the best?

A. Help those students in a nearby primary school with reading and mathematics

B. Help people who cannot afford to build or rent a home to build a house

C. Visit and assist elderly people with daily tasks.

 

7 The most important thing the government should do to improve health care is to clean the environment.

 

8 The government can take a variety of actions to help protect the environment. Which one of the following do you think is the most important for the nation’s government to take to protect the environment.

A. Fund the research to develop environmentally friendly energy sources such as solar and wind energy.

B. Preserve the natural places like forests and protect the animals that live there.

C. Enforce laws to prevent the pollution of air and water by large companies.

 

9 If you were offered two jobs, one has an average paid and you work normal hours (40 hours a week), the other one has a much higher salary but you need to work long hours. Which one would you choose? And state your reasons.

 

10 Taking a lot of time to make an important decision is viewed as a bad quality for a person to have. But now it’s considered as a good quality of a person. Do you agree or disagree with the statement?

 

11 
University students are often encouraged to study fields in which significant job growth (a large increase in job opportunities) is expected; these fields currently include science, technology, engineering, and math, do you believe students should consider studying fields related to these subjects even if they are more interested in other subjects? Why or why not?

 

12 Do you agree or disagree: It is better to travel abroad to visit different countries when you are younger rather than when you are older.

 

13 Some teenagers took part in kinds of activities,such as musical classes, sports classes and so on, but others only focus on one activity which is important to them, which idea do you support, provide ideas and give some examples.

 

14 Do you agree or disagree: it is better to use your own knowledge and experience to solve problems than to ask other people for advice.

 

2015 年(35問)

1 Do you agree or disagree with the statement? All university students should be required to take history courses no matter what field they study in.

 

2 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: All university students should take basic science courses regardless of their fields of study.

 

3 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The most important characteristics for a politician or leader is good communication ability.

 

4 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The rules that the whole societies today expect young people to follow and obey are too strict.

 

5 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Movies and televisions have more negative influences than positive influences on young people’s behavior.

 

6 Some people think that it is an important part of a child’s education to go on field trips (for example, museums), other people think a child’s time is better spent learning in a classroom at school. What is your opinion?

 

7 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? More and more people are spending money on their pets unnecessarily when the money could be spent on something better.

 

8 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It’s better to complete a project and then start another one than to do several things at the same time.

 

9 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The government should spend money helping more people access the Internet instead of improving public transportation.

 

10 Some people always follow their dreams even if the dreams are ambitious. Some think we should focus on achieving realistic goals. Which do you agree with? Why?

 

11 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? When people spend a lot of time watching sports on television or following their favorite team, does it have negative effects on their lives?

 

12 Which way do you think is the best for a student to make new friends. a. joining a sports team, b. participating in community activities, c. traveling.

 

13 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It’s better to spend money enjoying life like going on vacation than to save money for the future.

 

14 
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The best way for parents to teach their children about responsibility is to have them care for animals.

 

15 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teachers should be paid at least as much as doctors, lawyers or business leaders.

 

16 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? These days, children spend more time on doing homework or participating in organized activities related to school or sports. However, they should be given more time to do whatever they want.

 

17 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The best way to reduce air pollution is for the government to raise the cost of fuel (petrol).

 

18 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is important to have rules about the types of clothes that people wear in their workplace and at school.

 

19 In order to attract more tourists, the government could either improve safety by hiring more police or improve its appearance by repairing old buildings and streets. Which way do you think is more effective?

 

20 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? In order to succeed, it is better to be more like others than different from everyone else.

 

21 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?Grandparents cannot give useful advice to their grandchildren because the world of today and the world of 50 years ago are too different.

 

22 Nowadays, students do many things like surfing the internet, listening to music when they are learning. Do you agree or disagree that doing other things impose a bad effect on learning?

 

23 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?Which is better for children’s education: 9-month study and 3-month break or 3-month study and 1-month break?

 

24 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is a waste of money for the government to spend money on space travel or space exploration.

 

25 Which one is the most important for a teacher of high school? The ability to help students plan for their future; the ability to find the student who needs the most help and to give that help; or the ability to encourage students to learn on their own outside of the classroom.

 

26 A school used to offer three after-class activities.1)sports 2)art 3)volunteering,but this year, school’s extra money only can offer one activity. Which one do you choose and why?

 

27 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?The more money a person has, the more he or she should give away to the charities.

 

28 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?It is more important for the government to spend money on art museum and concert halls than on recreational facilities such as swimming pools and playgrounds.

 

29 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? One quality that a successful leader must have is to make decisions quickly; when a leader takes too much time to make decisions, he will be seen as inefficient to the people he leads.

 

30 If you want to change one aspect to improve your health, which would you choose? Why?

A. The kinds of food you eat

B. The amount of the exercise you do

C. The amount of the stress in your life

 

31 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People now can better protect the environment than they could in the past.

 

32 Do you agree or disagree with the parents should let children make mistake and let them learn from their own mistakes

 

33 Agree or disagree: people nowadays spend much more time than they should use text messages and new technologies such as social media to communicate with each other.

 

34 Some people prefer doing sports on their own, such as running, while others like to do sports in groups. Which one do you prefer?

 

35 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The food we eat today is much healthier than in the past.

 

2014年(29問)

1 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is often not a good thing for people to move to a new town or a new country because of the loss of old social connection. (2014年3月1日)

 

2 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It’s necessary to put a lot of money into a business to make it successful. (2014年4月19日)

 

3 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is more important for the government to provide money for things that are beautiful than things that are practical. (2014年5月24日)

 

4 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents should set strict rules to their children if they want them to succeed in the future. (2014年5月25日)

 

5 Which do you prefer, to buy new technological devices immediately after they become available or to wait till many people have adopted (=accepted and started to use) them? (2014年6月15日)

 

6 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People who cannot accept the criticism from others will not be successful at working in a group. (2014年6月21日)

 

7 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is commonly believed that in life, success is not the most important thing; it is more important to remain happy and optimistic when we fail. (2014年6月29日)

 

8 People should take time to relax with hobbies or physical activities that very different from what they do at work. (2014年7月6日)

 

9 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The most important investment of a company is to improve the skills of its employees. (2014年8月16日)

 

10 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Although science and technology will continue to improve, the most significant improvements in the quality of people’s lives have already taken place. (2014年8月23日)

 

11 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The ability to maintain a small number of friends for a long time is more important to happiness than the ability to make new friends easily. (2014年8月30日)

 

12 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Modern agriculture does damage the environment, but providing food for the growing population around the world is more important than protecting the environment. (2014年10月11日)

 

13 It is important for everyone to know about what happening all around the world even though the events have not affect our daily life. (2014年10月18日)

 

14 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? As modern life gets more and more complex, it is essential for young people to have the ability to plan and organize. (2014年10月26日)

 

15 Do you agree with the following statement? People often buy products not because they really need them but because other people have them. (2014年11月2日)

 

16 When making a major purchase (for example, car or laptop), our decisions can be influenced by different sources of information. Explain how each of the following sources of information can influence your decision. (2014年11月9日)

(1) Recommendations from friends or colleagues

(2) Information from media (for example, TV, magazines, newspapers)

(3) Recommendations from salesperson in the store

 

17 Some people like to record their life by sharing pictures and other information on social-networking sites. Others keep this information to themselves and never share it online. Which do you prefer? (2014年11月29日)

 

18 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Being creative is more important in finding the best solution to a problem than planning carefully. (2014年12月6日)

 

19 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Students are more interested in politics than before. (2014年12月13日)

 

20 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The way a person dresses reflects his/her characters.(2014年12月14日)

 

21 Some parents do not agree with the way teachers are teaching their children. Do you think that parents should express their disapproval to the teachers?(2014年12月5日)

 

22 Some people say that teachers and parents should decide what assignment or activities children should do after school. Others say that children should make these decisions on their own. Which view do you agree with and why?(2014年2月8日)

 

23 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People in the past are more interested in improving their neighborhood (the area where they live) than now.(2014年4月5日)

 

24 Some people think it would help students to learn if teachers give time for discussion in class, others think that class discussion is unnecessary. What is your opinion and why?(2014年5月10日)

 

25 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? While parents have the responsibility to educate young people about healthy eating habits, schools should also be responsible for this. (2014年5月23日)

 

26 Someone thinks that scores should be the sum total of the scores of many assignments while others think that the scores should be the results of 1 or 2 exams. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. (2014年6月8日)

 

27 The community you live in is planning on setting up new facilities, which of the following do you think would benefit the community most and why? (2014年9月10日)

1. a shopping mall

2. an art center

3. a hotel

 

28 A leader should have strong opinions and do not change his or her mind on these opinions. (2014年10月25日)

 

29 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A person who plans well and works carefully is more likely to succeed than a person who takes risks. (2014年12月12日)

 

ねこ君
この記事が気に入ったら「👍いいね」ちょうだい!ありがとう!!
にゃんこ先生
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ねこ君
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