TOEFL対策スピーキング勉強法⑤ ニューヨークへの妄想旅

にゃんこ先生
スピーキング対策やってる?
にゃんこ先生
結構サボりがちだけど、毎日口を動かす練習しようね。

 

スピーキング現実的戦略5回目。

今日は、旅行ネタ。京都でもフランスでもなく、ニューヨークへの旅行を妄想しよう。

なぜか?

 

アメリカ人のテスト採点者にとって、ニューヨークはもっとも理解しやすいネタだからである。

 

全体的な戦略と、Integrated Taskの勉強方法は以下の記事を参考にしてほしい。

TOEFL対策スピーキング勉強法 テンプレートを捨てる勇気

2017.06.02

STAR 戦略

Independent Taskに回答するためにおすすめする回答方法は、面接等でも推奨されているSTAR戦略を取ることである。

STAR戦略の利点として、具体的な自分の経験を議論の中心に置くことができ、抽象的な議論をするよりもアイディアを出すのが楽になる。

  1. Situation        状況説明
  2. Task              解決しなければいけない課題
  3. Action           課題を克服するためしたアクション
  4. Result           結果
にゃんこ先生
SituationとTaskの分類はそこまで神経質になる必要はないよ。
にゃんこ先生
S+Tで1セット。Actionが大事。

 

演習問題①

早速だが、以下の問題に15秒で準備し、45秒で答えてほしい。

What place would you like to visit? Explain what you would like to accomplish at this place.

 

基本エピソード⑤

1. 質問へ解答

I would like to visit New York with my girlfriend.

2. Situation

I am a businessman in Tokyo and have a stressful job.

3. Task (ここまで10秒)

We love traveling and have a plan to go to America next summer vacation.

4. Action (30秒)

We want to stay at a luxurious hotel, like Hilton, and enjoy swimming in a pool, having a good breakfast.

We want to visit museums like Metropolitan Museum and New York Museum and enjoy modern arts such as Mone and Picasso, Jackson Pollock.

Also, we would like to go to Broadway musical and watch Cats, Lion King, and Wikid!

Of course, we will visit the Statue of Libatey and buy an I LOVE YORK T-shirt.

5. Result (5秒-10秒)

I am going to have a fun trip and relax.

にゃんこ先生
とりあえず、ニューヨークの旅ネタを一つ作る。

 

演習問題②〜⑤

にゃんこ先生
演習問題を通じて、ニューヨークのエピソードを様々な問題に使ってみよう。

演習問題②

Some people like to gather information about their destination before taking a trip. Other people don’t gather information before a trip. Which do you prefer? Why?

解答例

演習問題③

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Private car should not be allowed in the city centers of large cities. Use details and examples to explain your opinion.

解答例

演習問題④

Which do you prefer: spending time with a number of acquaintances or with a few close friends?
解答例

演習問題⑤

Some people work to earn money, other people work for personal satisfaction. Which do you prefer?
解答例

 

解答例 ②〜⑤

演習問題②

Some people like to gather information about their destination before taking a trip. Other people don’t gather information before a trip. Which do you prefer? Why?

質問に回答

I prefer to gather information before traveling.

Situation

I am a university student in Japan

Task

Last year, I went to New York with my friends.

Action

We got a lot of information about New York such as popular sightseeing spots and travel activities.

We booked a good hotel at a relatively low price by using Booking. com.

Also, we bought a guide book of New York and bought tickets for museums beforehand. We visited museums like Metropolitan Museum and New York Museum, enjoyed modern arts such as Mone, Picasso, and Jackson Pollock.

Also, we visited Broadway musical and watched Cats, Lion King, and Wikid that a lot of people recommended on the Internet.

Result

As a result, it was a lot of fun.

にゃんこ先生
事前にたくさん情報収集して、ニューヨークを楽しんだことにしよう。

 

演習問題③

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Private car should not be allowed in the city centers of large cities. Use details and examples to explain your opinion.

質問に回答

I disagree with this idea.

Situation

I am a businessman in Tokyo

Task

Last year, I traveled to New York with my wife.

Action

We stayed at a hotel located in the center of New York. We used a taxi frequently to transfer to our destinations.

First, we went to museums like Metropolitan Museum and New York Museum by getting a taxi and enjoyed modern arts such as Mone, Picasso, and Jackson Pollock.

Also, we visited Broadway musical and watched Cats, Lion King, and Wikid.

Of course, we went the Statue of Libatey and bought I LOVE YORK T-shirts.

Result

Thanks to taxis, we could move freely in New York and had a lot of fun.

にゃんこ先生
こういうのにも、ニューヨークが使える。便利でしょ。

 

演習問題④

Which do you prefer: spending time with a number of acquaintances or with a few close friends?

質問に回答

I prefer to spend a time with a few close friends.

Situation

I am a university student in Tokyo.

Task

Last year I went to New York with some of my close friends, Ken and Taro.

Action

First, we went to museums like Metropolitan Museum and New York Museum by getting a taxi and enjoyed modern arts such as Mone, Picasso, and Jackson Pollock.

Also, we visited Broadway Musical and watched Cats, Lion King, and Wikid which were fantastic.

Of course, we went the Statue of Libatey and bought I LOVE YORK T-shirts.

We had a great time together talked a lot during the trip.

Result

As a result, It was a lot of fun.

にゃんこ先生
少人数でニューヨークに行った話はどうかしら?

 

演習問題⑤

Some people work to earn money, other people work for personal satisfaction. Which do you prefer?

質問に回答

I prefer to work to earn money.

Situation

I am a businessman in Tokyo

Task

Last Year I went to New York with my wife.

Action

The plane ticket was expensive which cost more than 1,000 dollars per person.

Also, we stayed at a luxurious hotel, Hilton and paid 500 dollars per night.

We visited modern museums like Metropolitan Museum, and New York Museum, and enjoyed modern arts such as Mone, Picasso, and Jackson Pollock.

Also, we visited Broadway musical and watched Cats, Lion King, and Wikid.

We spent huge money.

Result

As a result, it was a lot of fun.

にゃんこ先生
お金系の問題にもニューヨークが使える。

 

【コラム】話すアイディアが浮かばない

ねこ君
TOEFLのIndependent Task、話すアイディアが全く浮かばないんだよね・・

にゃんこ先生
英語以前に、日本語でも答えが出てこないってこと多いよね。

にゃんこ先生
日本の教育で、正解の暗記しかしてこなかったからさ。

 

 

にゃんこ先生
だからこそ、複数の鉄板エピソードを用意して、それを柔軟にどんな質問にも適用できるようにすることが必要なんだよ。

にゃんこ先生
けど、最近スピーキングが難化傾向にあって、この戦略が使えない問題も結構出てくる。

ねこ君
難しいやつは、いつも15秒ぐらいでアイディアが尽きちゃう・・。

にゃんこ先生
そういう場合も、とにかく喋ること。わからなくてもなんか喋ってるだけで、15点ぐらいは取れるもんだよ。

にゃんこ先生
そして、自分の意見、アイディアをもつ練習をすること。スカイプ英会話でランダムクエスチョンをやりまくる。

にゃんこ先生
あとは、ライティングのトピックはスピーキングに似てるから、ライティングの解答例を眺めるってのもありかな。

 

 

追加演習問題

 

にゃんこ先生
質問、要望、ツッコミ、おすすめ勉強法、なんでも遠慮せずにコメントしてね。閲覧者同士でのコミュニケーションも大歓迎だよ。
にゃんこ先生
読んでくれてありがと。Facebookから、最新情報を受け取る事が可能だよ。イイねくれると嬉しいな。

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