A woman who is eating a cake.
A woman eating a cake.
A woman who is eaten by a lion.
A woman eaten by a lion.
A woman who is kind to me.
A woman kind to me.
She is the woman who loves me.
She is the woman loving me.
その3 had P.P はhaving P.P にする
A woman who had been loved by Ken.
A woman having been loved by Ken.
- had P.P はhaving P.P にする
Although we now tend to refer to the various crafts according to the materials used to construct them―clay, glass, wood, fiber, and metal―it was once common to think of crafts in terms of function, which led to their being known as the “applied arts.”
The applied arts are thus bound by the laws of physics, which pertain to both the materials used in their making and the substances and things to be contained, supported, and sheltered.
Because their primary purpose is not functional, they are only limited in terms of the materials used to make them.
In 1979, a team looking for fossils in northern Pakistan found what proved to be the oldest fossil whale.
Pakicetus probably detected sound through the ear opening as in land mammals.
The process may be accelerated in subsequent decades if global warming resulting from air pollution seriously increases.
The semiarid lands bordering the deserts exist in a delicate ecological balance and are limited in their potential to adjust to increased environmental pressures.
The consequences of an excessive number of livestock grazing in an area are the reduction of the vegetation cover and the trampling and pulverization of the soil.
The increased pressures of expanding populations have led to the removal of woody plants so that many cities and towns are surrounded by large areas completely lacking in trees and shrubs.
An offshoot of the biological approach called sociobiology suggests that aggression is natural and even desirable for people.
Yet children, also fearing their parents’ punishment and the loss of parental love, come to repress most aggressive impulses.
Also, skilled artisans did not work by the clock, at a steady pace, but rather in bursts of intense labor alternating with more leisurely time.
Goods produced by factories were not as finished or elegant as those done by hand, and pride in craftsmanship gave way to the pressure to increase rates of productivity.
Whigs and Democrats held different attitudes toward the changes brought about by the market, banks, and commerce.
Moreover, people in diverse cultures recognize the emotions manifested by the facial expressions.
Psychological research has given rise to some interesting findings concerning the facial-feedback hypothesis.
Fuller devised a type of dance that focused on the shifting play of lights and colors on the voluminous skirts or draperies she wore, which she kept in constant motion principally through movements of her arms, sometimes extended with wands concealed under her costumes.
The slush is compacted by an unknown mechanism, and solid, bubble-free ice is formed from water high in soluble organic substances. When an iceberg separates from the ice shelf and capsizes, the green ice is exposed.
引用元 : TOEFL Official guide