TOEFL対策スピーキング勉強法⑦ やっててよかったスポーツ 

にゃんこ先生
サッカーでもテニスでもバスケットボールでも、スポーツってみんなやったことあるよね?
にゃんこ先生
結構スポーツネタはスピーキングに使いまわせるよ。
にゃんこ先生
子供はスポーツをやるべき?みたいな質問はTOEFLでもIELTSでも出てくるし。
ねこ君
じゃーおれは、サッカーにしようかな? 今日もおれに任せて!!

TOEFL スピーキンの恐怖を減らす現実的戦略第7回目。

 

全体的な戦略やTOEFL Speaking Inegrated Taskの勉強方法は以下の記事を参考にしよう。

TOEFL対策スピーキング勉強法 テンプレートを捨てる勇気

2017.06.02

TOEFLスピーキングでおすすめ STAR 戦略

Independent Taskに回答するためにおすすめする回答方法は、面接等でも推奨されているSTAR戦略を取ることである。

STAR戦略の利点として、具体的な自分の経験を議論の中心に置くことができ、抽象的な議論をするよりもアイディアを出すのが楽になる。

  1. Situation        状況説明
  2. Task              解決しなければいけない課題
  3. Action           課題を克服するためしたアクション
  4. Result           結果
にゃんこ先生
SituationとTaskの分類はそこまで神経質になる必要はないよ。
にゃんこ先生
S+Tで1セット。Actionが大事。

 

TOEFL Speaking 演習問題①

早速だが、以下の問題に15秒で準備し、45秒で答えてほしい。

Talk about a game, sport or other group activity that is played in your country. Explain why you think the activity is enjoyable.

基本エピソード⑦

1. 質問へ解答

It is soccer.

2. Situation

When I was an elementary school student, I liked to play soccer and joined a soccer team.

3. Task (ここまで10秒)

At first, I was not a good soccer player.

4. Action (30秒)

Ken, One of my best friends, and I often went to a park with a soccer ball and enjoyed kicking the ball.

After school, we had a team practice. We run around a play ground and practiced passing, drilling, and shooting.

Our coach gave us a lot of feedback and taught us tactics and strategies.

Also, we learned how to coach other students.

On weekend, we played soccer games against other elementary students.

5. Result (5秒-10秒)

As a result, I became a good soccer player. It was a lot of fun.

ねこ君
おれはサッカーだけど、みんなはどんなスポーツでもいいからね

 

TOEFL Speaking 演習問題②〜⑤

にゃんこ先生
演習問題を通じて、音楽のエピソードを様々な問題に使ってみよう。

演習問題②

What is an activity you enjoyed during your childhood?

解答例

演習問題③

In your opinion, what should parents do to make sure their children grow up healthy? Why do you think that is effective?

解答例

演習問題④

Describe a park or public place in your hometown.

解答例

演習問題⑤

What is an important activity to improve your community? How does this activity improve the community you live in?

解答例

 

TOEFL Speaking 解答例 ②〜⑤

演習問題②

What is an activity you enjoyed during your childhood?

質問に回答

It is soccer.

Situation

When I was an elementary school student, I liked to play soccer and joined a soccer team.

Task

At first, I was not a good soccer player.

Action

Ken, One of my best friends, and I often went to a park with a soccer ball and enjoyed kicking the ball.

After school, we had a team practice. We run around a play ground and practiced passing, and drilling, shooting.

Our coach gave us a lot of feedback and taught us tactics and strategies.

Also, we learned how to coach other students.

On weekend, we played soccer games against other elementary students.

Result

As a result, I improved my soccer skills. It was a lot of fun.

ねこ君
演習問題①と質問は違うけど、答えはぜーんぶ一緒。この使い方を覚えよう!!

演習問題③

In your opinion, what should parents do to make sure their children grow up healthy? Why do you think that is effective?

質問に回答

Children should play sports to stay healthy.

Situation

When I was an elementary school student,

Task

I was overweighted.

Action

My mother made me join a soccer team.

Ken, One of my best friends, and I often went to a park with a soccer ball and enjoyed kicking the ball.

After school, we had a team practice. We ran around a play ground and practiced passing, drilling, shooting.

Our coach gave us a lot of feedback and taught us tactics and strategies.

Also, we learned how to coach other students.

On weekend, we played soccer games against other elementary students.

Result

As a result, it was a lot of fun and I reduced my weight in a fun way.

ねこ君
イントロと結論だけ変えて、中身は変えてないことに気づいた!?

演習問題④

Describe a park or public place in your hometown.

質問に回答

It is a park near my house.

Situation

I am a businessman in Tokyo

Task

and often go to that park with my friends to relax.

Action

That park has beautiful trees, flowers, and soccer courts.

We ran around a play ground and practiced passing, drilling, and shooting and sometimes had a game.

After playing soccer, we often had a BBQ under a big tree. We ate grilled chicken, beef, pork and vegetables.

Also, we enjoyed drinking beer and talking about our boyfriends and girlfriends.

Result

As a result, I was a lot of fun.

ねこ君
公園トピックって本試験でいっぱいでるよね??
ねこ君
一つ、スポーツに合わせて公園に使えるエピーソードを用意した方が良い!!

 

演習問題⑤

What is an important activity to improve your community? How does this activity improve the community you live in?

質問に回答

It is going to a park.

Situation

I am a university student in Tokyo

Task

in my community, there is a big park.

Action

That park has beautiful trees, flowers, and play grounds. My neighbors often enjoy spending time in that park.

For example, my friends and I went to the park last week.

we ran around a play ground and practiced passing, drilling, and shooting and sometimes had a game.

After playing soccer, we often had a BBQ under a big tree. We ate grilled chicken, beef, pork and vegetables.

Also, we enjoyed drinking beer and talking about our boyfriends and girlfriends.

Result

As a result, It was a lot of fun, and I relaxed well.

ねこ君
スポーツ+BBQでパークネタを充実させよ!!
ねこ君
BBQなんて近くの公園でやらないけどね!!

【コラム】発音の重要性

にゃんこ先生
ねこ君、発音の練習してる?
ねこ君
発音は重要だと思うけど、どうやって練習したらいいか、独学だとさっぱりわからない。。
ねこ君
自分の発音が良いのか悪いのかも判断できないし・・。

にゃんこ先生
日本の学校発音教えないもんねー。

にゃんこ先生
TOEFLスピーキングでも、発音はイントネーションと合わせて結構重要な要素。

にゃんこ先生
カタカナ英語でも、20点前後は取れるんだけど、23点以上は発音が良くないと厳しい。

にゃんこ先生
最後の2-3点のために、発音ばっかり練習するのは、費用対効果悪いかもしれないね。

にゃんこ先生
けど、英語っていう意味では、発音はすごく重要。

にゃんこ先生
発音が良ければ、英語学習全般の学習効果も上がってくる。

にゃんこ先生
なかなか手のつけられない部分であるけど、少なくとも発音の理論は理解して少しづつ上達をさせていこう。

 

 

TOEFLスピーキング追加演習問題

 

にゃんこ先生
一緒に日本の英語教育を変えていかない?広告なしでサイト運営を続けるため、寄付を募集しているよ。PaypalBaseでご飯代をくれると嬉しいな。
にゃんこ先生
質問、要望、ツッコミ、おすすめ勉強法、なんでも遠慮せずにコメントしてね。閲覧者同士でのコミュニケーションも大歓迎だよ。
にゃんこ先生
読んでくれてありがと。Facebookから、最新情報を受け取る事が可能だよ。応援よろしくね。

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